Bezirhanes, in the most general definition, are historical industrial facilities where oil is extracted from plant seeds. They are one of the important representatives of today's modern mills and factories in history. In their original use; The oils obtained from these structures, which aim to obtain oil by pressing various plants such as linen, Izgın (Eruca cappadocica), belemir (Cephalaria syriaca); It has been used throughout history for mechanical lubrication, lighting and nutrition. With the development of industrial production, these structures were abandoned to their fate, and many of these structures were lost over time. It is known that there are many bezirhane buildings within the borders of Aksaray province, which evolved into the rise of the Ottoman Empire. An important part of these buildings are located in the towns of Ihlara, Güzelyurt and Belisırma. It is easily understood from the historical documents that these buildings have important effects on the development of the region and support production to a great extent. In the scope of study: To carry out a documentation study by investigating the spatial characteristics of the historical bezirhanes that have survived to the present day in the settlements within the borders of Aksaray province and to conduct a historical research on these buildings.