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Abstract


ACCESS TO CITIZENSHIP AS A MIGRANT INTEGRATION INDICATOR

In terms of states, immigrants reaching important numbers in a country they came and the immigration phenomenon are now on the agenda of governments, arising as a problem which cannot be ignored. On the one hand, efforts to see and control immigration as an element to be managed are at the national and international level, on the other hand, policies aiming to the integration of immigrants within borders have begun to be developed. States that prevent the acceptance of immigrants' citizenship cause economic, social and democratic losses in terms of immigrants. This ensures that both immigrants and international actors often bring the problem to the agenda. This contradiction has led to the emergence of intermediate solutions such as "semi-citizenship" and "European Union citizenship" and “transnational citizenship”. The aim of the paper is to analyze the policy of the countries which are located at the border of change in terms of access to citizenship. Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) data was used in the study. The countries has been divided into six categories as twenty percent unit, according to policies of access to citizenship based on the various indicators in the index. In the study, countries that were close to change their policies, that is, to step for citizenship for immigrants, were elected. These are New Zealand (92), Luxembourg (79), Iceland (55), Italy (40), Croatia (19) and Saudi Arabia (0). The study is structured in three basic chapters. Migration, immigrant and citizenship relations will be emphasized first, in the second chapter, Integration topic of immigrants through the MIPEX indicators and finally the citizenship policies of the determined countries will be resolved.



Keywords
Immigration, Integration, Citizenship, Citizenship Policy, MIPEX



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