In Turkish public administrations, health workers are given rights and responsibilities within the framework of many legislative provisions. As with all civil servants, basic rights are provided to health personnel, primarily by the 1982 Constitution, the Civil Servants Law No. 657 and many regulations. Among the rights granted to health personnel by the relevant legislation are the right to form a union, the right to leave, the right to prosecution and trial, the right to security, the right to resign, and the right to protect oneself against accusation and slander. While the health personnel are given responsibilities towards the institution, society and financial institutions they work for, some special rights (selecting the patient, determining the treatment method, benefiting from modern medical facilities, not examining more errors than necessary, etc.) are also provided to the health personnel. In this study, which was conducted to explain the rights and responsibilities of civil servants in public administration in Turkey, firstly the concepts of rights and responsibilities were explained and the basic rights and responsibilities given to civil servants by law in Turkey were tried to be explained. In order to achieve this aim, a theoretical framework has been created by making use of the primary and secondary data in the domestic and foreign literature. The rights and responsibilities of civil servants were revealed by making an in-depth analysis in terms of legal legislation.