Premium e-journal of social science

Abstract


MU'TAZILA SCHOOL IN THE ABBASIDS PERIOD

In this study, Islamic thought, Hijri II. The aim of this study is to examine the development process of the Mu'tazila school, which emerged at the beginning of the century and came to the fore with the rational-rationalist perspective it developed, in the Abbasid period. Mu'tazila first emerged with the theories of al-menzile beyne'l-menziletayn and al-va'd ve'l-vaîd, which he realized as a result of the discussions on the relationship between faith and deeds; He differed from other theological schools by revealing the distinctiveness of tawhid, justice and al-amrû bi'l-ma'rûf ve'n-nehyu ani'l-munkar, which he later developed and systematized. In the emergence of the school, the socio-cultural environment that has changed as a result of political events and conquests, which is effective in the background of theological debates, comes to the fore.



Keywords
History of Islamic Sects, Mu'tazila, Abbasids, Usulal-Hamse



References